AG视讯厅

AG视讯厅:Colloquium

Topological phases of quantized light

Da-Wei Wang, Department of Physics, Zhejiang University
Wed, 2020-06-17 15:00 - 16:00
ZOOM

Abstract: Topological photonics is an emerging research area that focuses on the topological states of classical light. Here we reveal the topological phases that are intrinsic to the particle nature of light, i.e., solely related to the quantized Fock states and the inhomogeneous coupling between them. The Hamiltonian of two cavities coupled with a two-level atom is an intrinsic one-dimensional Su-Schriefer-Heeger model of Fock states. By adding another cavity, the Fock-state lattice is extended to two dimensions with a honeycomb structure (Fig.1), where the strain due to the inhomogeneity of the coupling strengths induces a Lifshitz topological phase transition between a semimetal and three band insulators within the lattice. In the semimetallic phase, the strain is equivalent to a pseudomagnetic field, which results in the quantization of the Landau levels and the valley Hall effect. We further construct a Haldane model where the topological phases can be characterized by the topological markers. This study demonstrates new topological phases due to the quantum nature of light and provides a novel platform for studying topological physics in dimensions higher than three.

Figure 1: (a) The 2D Fock-state lattice with the line thickness proportional to the coupling strength. (b) The distribution of the pseudomagnetic field in the inner circle. Outside of the inner circle are band insulators. (c) The -scaling of the eigenenergies of the generalized Landau levels. (d) The wavefunction of the eigenstates.

[1] Han Cai and Da-Wei Wang, National Science Review in print (arXiv 1909.13421 (2019)).

王大伟,2012年博士毕业于香港中文大学物理系,2012-2017年在德州农工大学历任博士后、研究助理教授和研究副教授,2017年至今于浙江大学物理学系担任百人计划研究员。主要研究方向为量子光学和量子信息。代表性工作包括基于移动光子晶体的光学二极管、室温超辐射晶格量子模拟、超导量子比特手征自旋团簇的合成等。

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